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Showing posts with label Diabetes. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Diabetes. Show all posts



The last few years various studies have shown that eating too much sugar, especially sugar is often added in cooking and processed foods, can improve blood fat levels. A study at the University of Minnesota showed that consumption of large amounts of glucose can affect the levels of triglycerides in the blood.

Researchers assume that the human body can not metabolize the sweet snack as soon as that person can eat. So the liver (liver) put some glucose from the snack into your blood stream, or save it for later use.
David Levitsky, Ph.D., professor of psychology and nutrition to add, if the tank is in the heart is full, the excess into triglycerides. Glucose consumption of snacks that you go into your heart as well, but instead deposited into the bloodstream, it is stored as glycogen. The liver can store about 90 to 100 grams of glycogen. If not used, the rest will be stored glycogen in the form of fat (triglycerides).

By maintaining a healthy weight, most people can keep their triglyceride levels at an acceptable level. "If you are overweight or gain weight, the fat will accumulate and be a marker of heart disease and stroke," says Levitsky.
If you're one of those overweight, your first step is to immediately reduce sugary and starchy foods, beer, and sugary drinks. Your body is not designed to handle that much sugar.

The doctor will use an oral glucose tolerance test or an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes. To undergo OGTT, you need to consume 75 grams of glucose to see how your body processes sugar system.
Severe hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) can cause blurred vision, excessive thirst and frequent urination. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is easy to recognize, that you feel weak, cold sweating, and anxiety, blurred vision, or fatigue a few hours after intake of sugar that much. OGTT would be more accurate than normal fasting blood glucose tests to measure blood sugar levels.

If you are accustomed to eating large amounts of food, excessive alcohol, and lack of activity, then you probably will shorten the life of you, even if your weight is ideal though. Repeated blood sugar spikes give stress on the organs that make up your body's metabolic machinery.
And you probably will not feel it. "People can live without symptoms for many years in a state of prediabetes even though they have lost as much as 50 percent of their pancreatic function" Levitsky said. "And they do not even know about it." He continued.

People with prediabetes have the same health risks with diabetes, especially for heart disease.
So start thinking about what you eat today. Sugar makes you addicted, and have good taste makes you continue to want to eat it without feeling full. Limit all high glycemic indexed foods such as soft drinks, sugary snacks, cakes, biscuits, bread, pancakes, and so on.

"The less stress you give your body system, the longer your body will function properly" says Levitsky. And stop blaming sugar for all the health problems that you are feeling right now, because basically all there is in yourself.

Diabetes can be known of Changes in Skin

Diabetes is a disease that can affect anyone, both old and young. This disease occurs because the amount of blood sugar levels rise due to disturbances in the body's metabolic system, in which the pancreas is unable to produce insulin the body needs.

The emergence of diabetes is usually influenced by a person's lifestyle is not healthy. Ironically, diabetes is known so late that maintenance carried out to be not optimal and the healing process was not total.

For that you need to know and detect when the disease is attacking you as early as possible. But how? Well you know, according to research published in, diabetes it can be known, and in the detection of a series of symptoms that occur on the skin. And here is a sign - a sign:

1. The appearance of bumps on the skin
When your skin there are lumps that appear suddenly - arrive, you need to beware. Lumps like it could be a symptom of insulin resistance. These lumps will usually appear in skin folds and the more irritation occurs. This could be a sign that the risk of diabetes occurs the greater. Immediately consult your physician when you experience skin irritation occurs arrived - arrived.

2. xanthelasma
You may still not know what it xanthelasma. In medical. xanthelasma is the appearance of white markings on the upper eyelid. This xanthelasma but can detect the risk of diabetes, could also be a marker of disease emergence of cholesterol. The sooner you detect and determine the existence of this xanthelasma, the sooner you recover from this disease.

3. The emergence of vitiligo
Vitiligo is a kind of skin disorder caused by loss of melanin in the skin because it can no longer melanocytes produce melanin. It will be followed by the appearance of spots - white spots on the skin. Vitiligo itself could arise because the immune system is already weakened due to diabetes.

4. The appearance of a skin rash (Granoloma annulare)
A skin condition called granoloma annulore is the appearance of unusual skin rash on the body. Such rash usually speckled - with itchy spots, emergence also arrived - arrived. Immediately doing diabetes test if this rash appears continuously to find out the cause behind the emergence of this disease.

5. Often itching
Immediately consult a doctor when you arrive -Arrived feel itchy without a known cause, it could be a sign of diabetes you start. Because diabetes usually would disrupt the skin's ability to retain moisture so that the skin will feel kerig and itchy all the time.

That 5 symptoms of the skin which can be a sign of diabetes need to watch. If you experience any or all of these symptoms, it helps you immediately checked by a doctor to find out what causes it. Who knows, these symptoms are a sign you have diabetes. Hope it is useful.

Some Symptoms of Diabetes in Women

Diabetes is a disease that is not in favor of a specific gender. More women than men suffer from diabetes. And in fact, pregnant women are at much higher risk of developing diabetes that will impact on the fetus.

How to know the symptoms of diabetes in women?
quoted from Boldsky, there are some signs, as follows:

1) Sudden thin or fat drastically
    Diabetes can lead to weight being dropped or rose drastically. This is an indication of the most prominent in women. Indeed down or weight gain does not always signify women develop symptoms of diabetes, but it's good to do a medical check up immediately if it happens in less than three months. Indeed, women are often thin due to a lack of appetite or becoming fat as easily hungry.

2) Extreme thirsty
    Another sign is a feeling of extreme thirst. If the thirst is never lost and feel the body always need water then maybe women affected by diabetes. He had no appetite, but want to continue drinking menerus.Jika this happens, immediately to consult a doctor.

3) Easy tired
    Easy feeling tired and weak body into a basic indication of a person affected by diabetes. Feeling rested but the body was never fit, the woman is quite prominent symptom, though fatigue could be due to too much activity, but need to watch out.

4) Frequent urination
    Urinating is one of the activities of the body to get rid of toxins in the body, but if frequent urination jampir per hour, beware as this could be due to diabetes has been on a serious stage. This sign should not be overlooked. Diabetics can urinate many times due to imbalance blood sugar levels and this is certainly not good, and makes the body become limp. If no sign is immediately to the doctor, do not delay.

5) old wound healed
    If the skin is injured and takes a long time to dry and cured, then there could be a symptom of diabetes. This is because blood contains high levels of sugar so it is difficult to make the wound become dry. If you experience some of the above signs, immediately to consult. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. (


Indian mulberry belongs to the phylum Angiospermae, sub-phylum Dicotyledonae, Lignosae Division, Family Rubiaceae, Morinda Genus, Species citrifolia and the scientific name Morinda citrifolia L.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that afflicts many people, both in developed and developing countries. Diabetes is a condition that raises the risk of complications, coma and death. This makes a lot of diabetics trying to find alternative ways to ease their conditions in addition to diabetes medications expensive medical and dietary adjustments. One popular alternative is the herbal medicine made from Indian mulberry fruit, which is also known as the pace or Indian mulberry. Fruit native to Southeast Asia and Polynesia may not be popular as table fruit, but Indian mulberry has many benefits, including to support the treatment and cure of diabetes.

Indian mulberry contains many compounds that are useful as a diabetes drug, such as alkaloids Xeronin that helps the body increase its natural ability to regulate blood sugar levels is to support the work of insulin in the body. Moreover, Indian mulberry also work in terms regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates so that the body does not produce sugars exceeds normal limits. When consumed regularly, Indian mulberry can enhance the body's natural ability to produce insulin in terms so good to be consumed as a supporting treatment of type 1 diabetes (where the body is unable to produce insulin naturally) and diabetes due to heredity.

Although Indian mulberry very beneficial for diabetics, not Indian mulberry fruit has a delicious taste as well as oranges, grapes or apples and not easily found simply in the market or store. Indian mulberry is usually processed into herbal medicine or pills that may be more practical, but not appetizing, let alone to be consumed every day.


Gum disease, also known by the general public as scurvy. It was not wearing a crash on the gums. Chewing and swallowing food becomes hard so are swallowed. Routine work can be disrupted when it experienced a problem with this gum.

Generally this disruption of the gums caused by poor oral hygiene is maintained. Plaque begins to accumulate between the teeth is left to thicken. Plaque on the teeth is the result of the formation of bacteria that cause odor.

Furthermore, this plaque can cause gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). Inflamed gums bleed easily. Notice when we accidentally brushing too strong. Similarly, when a bite of fruit or food that leaves blood on the food file.

People with diabetes need to take care of the gums more extras. People with diabetes are more susceptible to gum disease and should be more diligent in caring for the health of the gums. Gum tissue with diabetes are more at risk of infection because of impaired circulation of glucose in the body.

High levels of glucose in the saliva will encourage the growth of bacteria cause the gums disorders. That is why diabetics feel dry mouth, salivary flow is reduced and there is a burning mouth sensation.

Here are simple tips to take care of the gums, especially diabetics:
1. People with diabetes need more extra attention to dental hygiene.
2. Brushing your teeth properly at least twice a day, after breakfast in the morning and in the evening before bed.
3. Apply a healthy lifestyle such as not smoking, not drinking alcohol and foods that contain high levels of sugar.
4. Consuming enough nutritious food.
5. Lots of drinking water because it can accelerate all processes metabolism in the body.
6. Rinsing the mouth with an anti-septic to remove plaque or food particles stuck between the teeth.

Green Beans for Health Benefits

ONE of the type of bean is already very familiar to us. Because of its existence, it is easy to find in almost any area in Indonesia. Mung bean (Vigna radiata) is a kind of crops are widely known in the tropics. Plants belonging to the tribe of legumes (Fabaceae) has many benefits in everyday life as a source of vegetable protein food high. Green beans in Indonesia ranks as the third most important legume crops, after soybeans and peanuts.

The most economic value is the seed. Green beans boiled until soft and eaten as porridge or eaten directly. Mature seeds are crushed and used as fill dumplings, Steamed Bun, or gandas turi. Mung bean sprouts into a common vegetable eaten in East Asia and Southeast Asia and is known as bean sprouts. Green beans when boiled long enough to be broken and the starch contained in the seeds will come out and thickens, becomes a kind of porridge. Mung bean flour, referred to in the market as hunkue flour, used in the manufacture of cakes and tend to form a gel. This flour can also be processed into noodles known as glass noodles.

The benefits that can be obtained from the green beans for health, including:

1. Lowering bad cholesterol levels and blood pressure
Eating green beans are known to reduce bad cholesterol. Green beans contain high dietary fiber and beneficial to maintain bowel function, accelerate the process of digestion, and lowers blood pressure.

2. Breast cancer
Green beans contain substances that can slow down replica of cancer cells, including breast cancer cells that attack. These substances are known to prevent the formation of tumor cells.

3. Helps absorption of nutrients
Research reveals that a lack of vitamin B1 causes the metabolism to slow down so that the absorption of nutrients from food are not running optimally. The content vitmin B1 and enzymes active in green beans can correct this condition by increasing nutrient absorption and metabolism.

4. Preventing heart disease
Green beans contain high fiber which serves to cleanse the digestive tract, increasing intestinal peristalsis, thereby reducing the time dirt accumulate in the intestines. Fiber also plays a role in lowering the levels of bad cholesterol in the body, making it effective for preventing cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and stroke.

5. Eye Health
CONTENT vitamin A in the green beans are good for maintaining eye health.
6. For pregnant women
For women who are pregnant are strongly advised to eat green beans. It is recommended for green beans contain vitamins B1, B2, folic acid, carbohydrates, unsaturated fats, calcium, phosphorus and protein, the content is very beneficial for the health of the fetus and pregnant women.

7. Diabetes
Green beans are foods with a low glycemic index, meaning it good food consumed by diabetics. Foods with a low glycemic load causes sugar levels healthy. People who eat foods with a low glycemic index tend to have body fat levels lower than those who consume high glycemic index foods such as bread and soft drinks.

8. Helps maintain healthy skin and hair
The content of protein and zinc in green beans can help maintain healthy nails and hair. In addition, green beans can also help rejuvenate the skin due to the content of phytoestrogens that help produce collagen and keep skin elastic, soft, and prevent premature aging.

9. Post-menopausal
Legumes such as green beans contains nutrients isoflavones. This nutrient helps regulate hormonal activity. Isoflavones are phytoestrogens group, create green beans is estrogenic in nature. Green beans contain approximately 495.1 micro gram contains phytoestrogens make green beans are good sources of phytoestrogens.

In a 12-week trial, phytoestrogens may relieve hot show disturbing and unpleasant. Consume 90 mg per day of phytoestrogens can help post-menopausal women in preventing the adverse effects of osteoporosis by stimulating bone formation.

10. Preventing anemia
Enriched with zinc and iron to make green beans as a food option for anemia, helps balance hormones and glandular systems, and maintain the body's metabolism.


Diabetes is a disease caused by the failure of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that is important in the sugar into the cells of the body. Due to the lack of insulin the body, then the sugar can not enter the cells of the body and cause an increase in blood sugar. Increased blood sugar can damage blood vessel walls and ultimately cause a variety of complications in various organs.

What are the complications of diabetes that can be found, let's look at them one by one.

Diabetic retinopathy
In this disorder eye blood vessels will be more susceptible rupture and bleed. The blood that accumulates in the retina of the eye would disturb the function of the retina receive light stimulation. This will cause a gradual decline in eyesight. (Read: Because Blind Blood Sugar)

Diabetic nephropathy
Renal complications is one of the common complications encountered. Damaged kidneys are not able to withstand the protein so that it will exit the body through the urine. Protein in the urine is an early sign of kidney damage. In the final stage, patients with renal impairment were not handled properly will suffer kidney failure. Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys decreased kidney function and a variety of toxic materials can accumulate in our body.

Coronary Heart Disease
Damage to blood vessels in the heart can cause a blockage of blood flow. Blockage of blood flow can cause damage to the heart muscle. Constriction of blood flow can cause angina attacks, namely chest pain due to blockage of blood vessels.

Brain Blood Vessel Disease
Diabetes can lead to blockage of blood vessels of the brain. This can lead to stroke, where patients experienced a decrease in body muscle strength, paralysis or loss of consciousness.

Diabetic Neuropathy
Patients with diabetic neuropathy will have complaints such as tingling or numbness feeling in certain body parts. This can cause neuropathy impaired individuals susceptible to foot ulcers that are not detected due to the lack of pain.

Peripheral Vascular Disease
Function peripheral vascular blood flow to various parts of the body. Unfortunately the peripheral blood vessels in diabetics were damaged, so that blood flow is not optimal. Peripheral vascular disorders, along with diabetic neuropathy, can lead to foot ulcers that do not heal.

That the various complications of diabetes to watch. These complications can be prevented with good blood sugar monitoring and early detection of diabetic prior to the occurrence of complications.

Diabetics Need to Conduct Eye Examination

Diabetes has many complications conditions, including the impact on the health of the eye is blind. True, diabetes can lead to vision loss.

When someone had diabetes, it is advisable to periodically check the condition of his eyes in an orderly manner. Because, it is very important to detect vision disorders that appear early and address them early preventative to worse conditions.

Visual impairment in persons with diabetes in medical terms is known as Diabetic Retinopathy. Which, if left unchecked can lead to blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy can occur in all patients with diabetes and increased risk on:
1. Patients who had been suffering from diabetes
2. People with diabetes are often poorly controlled blood sugar
The most common symptoms that often occur are:
1. Decreased visual acuity
2. Blurred vision
3. Sight with black spots
4. The black area in the area of visual field of vision
5. The difficulty with the perception of color, often in the form of interference in the perception of blue-yellow
What is more worrisome is Diabetic Retinopathy often has no symptoms in the early days. Then came instantly.

If this terrible thing happen, most likely occurring due to:

1. Rupture of blood vessels in the lining of the receiver sight (retina) in the eye
2. Alternatively, the liquid permeation in the receiving area of vision for sharp vision (macular)
So terrible, so diabetics should verify and keep blood sugar remained within normal limits and controlled as well as perform routine eye examination at least 1 year.

It is therefore important to make a visit to the doctor regularly and orderly if diabetic retinopathy has occurred, it is important to have in order to determine the severity of the disease objectives and determine the most appropriate type of treatment.


The pancreas is an organ in the digestive system which has the primary function of which is to produce digestive enzymes as well as several important hormones such as insulin.
Pancreas gland is located at the rear of the hull and are closely related to the duodenum (duodenum). In it there is a collection of cells that are shaped like the island on the map, because it is often called the islands of Langerhans.

Named Langerhans top inventor, Paul Langerhans in 1869. Each island contains a functioning beta cells secrete insulin. Where the hormone insulin plays an important role in regulating blood glucose levels.

Each contains approximately 100,000 pancreatic islets of Langerhans and each island contains 100 beta cells. Besides, there is also a beta cells alpha cells that produce glucagon which works the opposite of insulin which enables high blood glucose levels. Also there delta cells which secrete somatostatin.

The hormone insulin

The hormone insulin produced by the pancreas gland. In the pancreatic gland contains approximately 100,000 islets of Langerhans and each island contains 100 beta cells.

By beta-cell insulin was produced, where the beta cells can be likened to a key that can open the door entry of glucose into the cells. For later in the cell, glucose is metabolized into energy power.
If no insulin, the glucose can not get into the cells with glucose result will remain in the blood vessels, which means the levels of glucose in the blood increases.

Instead, in addition to beta cells, there is also the alpha cells produce glucagon which has a function that works the opposite of the hormone insulin, which increase blood glucose levels.

In these circumstances the body often becomes weak due to the absence of an energy source within the cell. This is the most vulnerable place in diabetes mellitus type 1.

 Diabetes mellitus is one of the oldest diseases in humans. Derived from the Greek word term, which means showers and Diabetes Mellitus means honey or sugar.
Approximately term diabetes mellitus describe symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes, which is a lot out urine sweet because it contains sugar. Because of this, in other words, this disease is also called "Diabetes".
By medical definition, the definition of diabetes extends to a collection of symptoms that arise in the aspect of a person is caused by the presence of elevated levels of blood glucose due to insulin deficiency both in absolute and relative nature.

Background Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is closely associated with normal glucose regulation mechanism. In normal conditions, the body sugar levels under control, ranging from 70-110 mg / dL, by the influence of the hormones insulin produced by the pancreas gland.

Every after meals, the absorption of food such as starchy (carbohydrate) in the intestines and blood sugar levels will rise. Increased blood sugar levels will trigger the production of insulin by the pancreas gland.
Thanks to the influence of the hormone insulin, the blood sugar will mostly go into the various cells of the body (most muscle cells) and will be used as energy in the cell.
Muscle cells then use the sugar for some purposes as energy, partially stored as glycogen and if there are still remaining, the remaining portion is converted into fat and protein.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is the main cause for the lack of insulin in the process of absorption of food.
The main function of insulin in lowering blood sugar levels naturally by:
• Increase the amount of sugar stored in the liver.
• Stimulate the cells of the body in order to absorb the sugar.
• Prevent the liver secretes too much sugar.
If insulin is reduced, levels of sugar in the blood will increase. Sugar in the blood comes from our food chemically processed by the liver. Some sugars are stored and partly used for energy.

This is where insulin function as a "stabilizer" natural to glucose levels in the blood. If interference occurs secretion (production) of the hormone insulin or an interruption in the process of absorption of insulin in the blood cells, the potential for the occurrence of diabetes mellitus is immense.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
If at 1 Diabetes Mellitus is the main cause of the malfunction of the pancreas gland, in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, a major disruption would occur in the volume of the receptor (receiver) insulin, the blood cells.
In this condition the productivity of insulin works well, but is not supported by sufficient quantity of volume receptors on blood cells, this situation is known as insulin resistance.

Although not yet confirmed the main cause of insulin resistance, the following are some of the factors that have an important role for such problem:
• Obesity, especially central besifat (apple shape)
• A diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates
• Lack of exercise (sports)
• Heredity (hereditary)

Diabetes Mellitus is not scary if caught early. Symptoms arising gejal very unwise to left, because it will plunge into a more fatal complications.
If it lasts for years, the condition of patients with diabetes mellitus great opportunity to be ketoacidosis ataupunhipoglikemia.

Perform early examination on the body, no need to wait until symptoms develop. Due to the early diagnosis, the doctor and the patient can cope with diabetes mellitus well so that we can prevent the best

Symptoms of Diabetes Can Be Seen in Mouth
In some cases diabetics found after went to the dentist, because of a disturbance in the oral cavity. Some of the symptoms of diabetes mellitus manifest in the oral cavity, and often expressed by the patient is rocking tooth, cavity dry mouth, bad breath bad and difficult to swallow. Manifestations of this disease in the oral cavity is found in diabetics meilitus already advanced, since almost no difference between patients with diabetes mellitus who are not in the early phase.
The symptoms that arise with the passage of this disease may occur singly or together, these symptoms include increased cavities, inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth (periodotitis) which causes the teeth become loose, easy bleeding gums, water production liurberkurang, lichen planus, candidiasis or fungi, such as a burning sensation of the mouth, swallowing disorders and disturbances in the tasting. Pale mucous and thorough pain in the teeth without any stimulation (odontalgia) are accompanied by changes in the color of the clinical features of the oral cavity in patients with uncontrolled diabetes.

Inflammation of the supporting tissue (periodontitis) which causes the teeth to be rocking a symptom that is easily recognizable. Damage and loss of bone around the roots of teeth that occurs due to inflammation will lead to tooth unstable then shake and unsteadiness occurs not only on one tooth. Dry mouth, odor, swallowing disorders and burning sensation of the oral cavity as a symptom in patients with diabetes mellitus due to decreased saliva production. One of the typical symptoms in patients with diabetes mellitus is halitosis like the smell of acetone.

In addition to the common symptoms in patients with diabetes mellitus as polifagi (increased frequency of eating), polyuria (increased frequency of urination) and polidipsi (peningatan frequency of drinking), the above symptoms should also be wary, if found any of these symptoms, you should immediately consult general or a medical specialist in internal medicine and dentist.

What are the risk factors of diabetes mellitus? the following explanation:
Risk factors that can not be modified:
Race / ethnicity
Race Asian, American Indian, Hispanic, has the risk of diabetes mellitus greater.
Family history of diabetes
The risk of diabetes increases with age. If you are aged> 45 years, you should check your blood sugar levels.
History of having a baby with birth weight> 4000 g or have had diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
A history of low birth weight (<2.5 kg)
Risk factors that can be modified:
Overweight / overweight (body mass index> 23kg / m2)
Less physical activity
Hypertension (BP> 140/90 mmHg)
Dyslipidemia or abnormal cholesterol levels (HDL <35 mg / dL, triglycerides> 250 mg / dL)
Unhealthy diet
Foods high in sugar and low in fiber will increase the risk of diabetes
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Occurs in women, characterized by irregular periods, hair growth that many (mustache, hair on arms, etc.), and obesity.

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that can be prevented. Immediately identify risk factors you have. If you have risk factors mentioned above, please make the effort to prevent diabetes to check your blood sugar levels regularly, healthy diet, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and control the underlying disease (hypertension, cholesterol, PCO).

Diabetics Need to Conduct Eye Examination

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