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Showing posts with label Ebola. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ebola. Show all posts

Ebola Know and How to Prevent


Humans tend to be afraid of something unknown. As AIDS in the 80s is a scourge for many people, now we are anxious to hear the Ebola disease.

Humans tend to be afraid of something unknown. As AIDS in the 80s is a scourge for many people, the world is now anxious to hear the Ebola disease. Should we have the knowledge of a new disease so that we can recognize and especially avoid it. Below I have collected some information about Ebola.

What is the Ebola?

According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), a US government agency that works at reducing and preventing disease, Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease (can reach 38.6 degrees Celsius) accompanied by headache, vomiting, abdominal pain, the whole body feels the pain , bruising and bleeding for no reason. Seeing the initial symptoms, the disease is similar to the flu, but it goes more violent. The difference in this disease with dengue fever (dengue fever) have ever known is the Ebola virus is spread by bats, while the dengue virus is spread by mosquitoes. Ebola virus can infect humans and apes. The virus can not be spread through the air, the mode of transmission is more like the HIV virus that causes AIDS, through blood and body fluids.

origin
The disease was discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in West Africa, specifically in the Congo, the country Idi Amin. At this time, the countries in Africa that many contracted Ebola is Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.

in the US
Although it has been done by filtering the prevention of migrants from abroad, especially the new ones back or come from countries in West Africa, to be quarantined if they are suspected of having Ebola, the US still missed. A journalist who worked in Liberia, Ashoka Mukpo, came home with this disease. At this time he was treated in an isolated room in a hospital Omaha, Nebraska. Ashoka's father, Dr. Mitchell Levy, said that her son was not sure how she was infected. When he sprayed the possibility to clean up something that has been contaminated, the virus was sprayed back into his face. He was given medication that was tested its efficacy, which is never given to a patient with another Ebola and it helped.

Ebola victims
So far there are 210 health workers in Africa who died of Ebola. Because it is in the US late last September, 1000 in Las Vegas nurses protest by lying on the sidewalk in front of the Bellagio Hotel and wrapped around her body with chalk strokes to mimic the way the police marked the location of the victim. They consider the US government does not act tough enough to deter the entry of Ebola virus into this country.

prevention
US encourages its citizens to the extent possible to avoid traveling to countries where the disease is endemic Ebola.

But if forced to also visit there, it is recommended to do the following:
Frequent hand washing or wearing anti-bacterial cleanser.
Avoid contact with blood or mucus, especially from people who are sick.
Do not touch the stuff that has been exposed to blood or mucus of infected people.
Do not touch the bodies of people who died from Ebola.
Do not touch the bat, pig or monkey forest, blood or mucus and do not eat meat produced from these animals.
Avoid the hospital where the patient is being treated Ebola.
Immediately to your doctor if you suffer from high fever, while in the care of doctors do not make contact with people who are healthy.

When you travel abroad and had a high fever and vomiting feeling of wanting to get to the doctor and ask for a blood examined in the laboratory to detect whether it contains the Ebola virus.

Same symptoms with Ebola However this disease Kill More



The latest data from the World Health Organization, WHO, says that more than 7,500 people have died of Ebola, mostly scattered in several West African countries such as Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. However, it turns out there is another disease that is more deadly than Ebola. The disease is malaria.

The danger, is the magnitude of the victim because malaria is because during this time everyone was too focused to combat Ebola. Similarly, as quoted from Fox News, Tuesday (12/30/2014).

"It would be a huge failure for everyone if many people died of malaria in the middle of the Ebola epidemic," said Dr. Bernard Bahlen, deputy director of the US President's Malaria Initiative.

In Guinea, last year the number of malaria deaths reached 15 thousand to 14 thousand of them are still under the age of 5 years. 12 million people do not have access to health centers so that death is not counted in the 15 thousand deaths.

As a comparison, based on data from the World Health Organization, to date approximately 1,600 people died from Ebola Guinea.

Malaria alone is the leading cause of death in infants in Guinea and finished 2nd leading cause of death after AIDS.

A few days ago, one of the Cuban doctors infected with Ebola. Apparently, one of the Cuban doctors were also affected by malaria. Fortunately, one of the private hospitals have adequate equipment so that the doctor can be saved.

Ebola and malaria itself has a lot of the same symptoms. For example, fever, dizziness headache and muscle aches. While malaria caused by mosquito bites, Ebola is only caused by the infection of their body fluids that have been previously infected.

Because of this, many people who think they are exposed to Ebola when exposed to malaria. For menanggulianginya, 1.5 million antimalarial drugs have been distributed to various places to prevent the disease from spreading and also treat those already infected.

New Hypothesis Spreader Ebola outbreak



Ebola is a plague that haunts the world, especially West Africa. Recent data owned by the World Health Organization, WHO, said that 7,700 people had died recorded more than 20,000 cases. The big question, how the beginning of the deadly virus spread?

Reporting from National Geographic on Saturday (01/03/2015), Ebola was first discovered in Southeast Guinea in December 2013 ago.

In March 2014, when the Ebola began to spread, Fabian Leendertz of the Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, formed a multidisciplinary research team from the disciplines of ecology, veterinarians and anthropologists to examine the beginning of the spread of Ebola.

The research team then examined the first large animals such as monkeys and chimpanzees. From the research, it is known that some large animals there are also some died from Ebola.

This suggests that Ebola may not spread to humans through animals, but of something else and directly to humans.

The team then focused research in a village called Méliandou, Guinea. In the village was the beginning of this virus originated.

A boy, Emile Ouamouno, was the first victim died of this virus. After Emile died, respectively mother, sister and grandmother died.

The absence of adult men who died in the first wave of Ebola outbreak showed that wild animals are usually hunted not the Ebola virus intermediaries.

For 8 days in Méliandou, a team led by the Leendertz collect data in the form of the testimony of local people, including mengupulkan data about fruit bats, which is quite a lot of the population.

From the data it appears dikumppulkan new hypothesis, that intermediary Ebola virus is a fruit bat. Hypothesis, humans exposed to Ebola after eating the fruit that has been bitten by bats.

Nevertheless, this hypothesis is not strong enough given the fruit bats do not live near human settlements.

However, another hypothesis arises because there is a small bat perched on the roof of a house or a tree hole and do not belong to the species of fruit bat. These bats eat fruit but do not eat insects. Residents call lolibelo.

From interviews with local people, known to many children there who make lolibelo as game animals for baking.

In fact, in the village there is one tree hole is a favorite of children in play and bake lolibelo hunted them.

Research was finally reached on the most recent hypothesis, namely bats lolibelo who mediates the Ebola virus. Nevertheless, this hypothesis is still verifiable until today, until researchers really know the relationship between the Ebola virus with lolibelo.

Some ways Ebola virus transmission to humans



AROUND the world today called on guard against the spread of the Ebola virus. Various factors suspected to be the cause of the spread of the Ebola virus or EBOV.

The Ebola virus is the cause of Ebola hemorrhagic fever. There are five strains of Ebola virus, namely Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Zaire ebolavirus, Reston ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, and Tai Forest ebolavirus. Reston ebolavirus found in the Philippines and China in animals, but it does not provide the type of human disease although it can infect. The most frequent cause epidemic is kind of Bundibugyo, Zaire ebolavirus and Sudan ebolavirus.

Modes of transmission of the virus is through contact with patient fluids, such as sweat, blood, sperm, saliva, and other. Contact with patients through the media, there has been no evidence of airborne transmission.

In Africa, said Umar, Ebola infection, in addition to contact with humans also with dead animals, such as antelopes, monkeys, gorillas, and others. Fluid from the animal or human through skin contact, especially if the skin is injured slightly.

Handles can also be infected corpse, so it should be with gloves and clothing anti-contact liquid. Therefore, it is advisable to maintain cleanliness body and frequently washing hands with soap.



Good news for people with drug development ebola



New research has recently found the prospect of treatment for Ebola that has been available in the form of the drug. Scientists have identified 53 drugs that have been available previously shown to be effective in the fight against Ebola.

Currently, there is no vaccine available to treat one of the most deadly diseases this. A new vaccine is currently undergoing clinical trials in humans, but the drug to treat people who already have the disease are needed.

Experimental ZMapp drugs have been used in some patients with Ebola, but the source has been exhausted and have not experienced adequate testing. Race against time, several groups of scientists have decided that, one of the most efficient ways to handle the task of developing and distributing drugs Ebola is the screening of drug compounds that are already available to see whether any of the compounds can be used to create an effective drug.

In a new study published by Nature Press in the journal Emerging Microbes and Infections, researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), said that they had identified 53 promising drug compounds.

The team used high-speed technology to scan 2816 through the facilities of compounds belonging to the US Food and Drug Administration approved and used for other diseases. The method they use is similar to the virus particles contained in Ebola proteins, calibrated to identify drugs that can prevent Ebola infect human cells by 50%.

53 Among these promising compounds are used in the treatment of cancer, antihistamines, antibiotics, and antidepressants. These compounds will be tested first in animal experiments to see the effect they have on Ebola and their side effects. If the drug in the middle of the test period proved to be safe and effective, the US government can use it in the area of the spread of Ebola.

As reported in October, scientists from Emory University Hospital, has taken the same steps of the facilities they have to research on 10,000 drug compounds. They think that Ebola can be treated with the same care that they develop for viruses such as HIV and Hepatitis C.

Ebola - What is it and How to Avoid It



People tend to be afraid of something unknown. As AIDS in the 80s is a scourge for many people, the world is now anxious to hear the Ebola disease. Should we have the knowledge of a new disease so that we can recognize and especially avoid it. Below I have collected some information about Ebola.

What is Ebola ?
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), a US government agency that works at reducing and preventing disease, Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease (can reach 38.6 degrees Celsius) accompanied by headache, vomiting, abdominal pain, the whole body feels the pain , bruising and bleeding for no reason. Seeing the initial symptoms, the disease is similar to the flu, but it goes more violent. The difference in this disease with dengue fever (dengue fever) have ever known is the Ebola virus is spread by bats, while the dengue virus is spread by mosquitoes. Ebola virus can infect humans and apes. The virus can not be spread through the air, the mode of transmission is more like the HIV virus that causes AIDS, through blood and body fluids.

• The origin
The disease was discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in West Africa, specifically in the Congo, the country Idi Amin. At this time, the countries in Africa that many contracted Ebola is Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.

• In the US
Although it has been done by filtering the prevention of migrants from abroad, especially the new ones back or come from countries in West Africa, to be quarantined if they are suspected of having Ebola, the US still missed. A journalist who worked in Liberia, Ashoka Mukpo, came home with this disease. At this time he was treated in an isolated room in a hospital Omaha, Nebraska. Ashoka's father, Dr. Mitchell Levy, said that her son was not sure how she was infected. When he sprayed the possibility to clean up something that has been contaminated, the virus was sprayed back into his face. He was given medication that was tested its efficacy, which is never given to a patient with another Ebola and it helped.

• Victims of Ebola
So far there are 210 health workers in Africa who died of Ebola. Because it is in the US late last September, 1000 in Las Vegas nurses protest by lying on the sidewalk in front of the Bellagio Hotel and wrapped around her body with chalk strokes to mimic the way the police marked the location of the victim. They consider the US government does not act tough enough to deter the entry of Ebola virus into this country.

• Prevention
US encourages its citizens to the extent possible to avoid traveling to countries where the disease is endemic Ebola. But if forced to also visit there, it is recommended to do the following:
• Wash your hands often or use an anti-bacterial cleanser.
• Avoid contact with blood or mucus, especially from people who are sick.
• Do not touch the stuff that has been exposed to blood or mucus of infected people.
• Do not touch the bodies of people who died from Ebola.
• Do not touch the bat, pig or monkey forest, blood or mucus and do not eat meat produced from these animals.
• Avoid the hospital where the patient is being treated Ebola.
• Immediately to the doctor if you suffer from high fever, while in the care of doctors do not make contact with people who are healthy.

When you travel abroad and had a high fever and vomiting feeling of wanting to get to the doctor and ask for a blood examined in the laboratory to detect whether it contains the Ebola virus.



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